What Are the Different Types of Dental Veneers Materials?
So as mentioned in our previous blogs about dental veneers, currently, there are two types of materials that we utilise in dentistry, one being ceramic and one being composite. So, I guess an analogy I typically use with patients in describing, the quality, the longevity, the durability of ceramic versus composite is the comparison between ceramic plate versus a plastic plate. We expect that with a ceramic plate, the texture, the feel of it is obviously nicer than a plastic plate. We expect longevity with a ceramic plate. You can have China plates for decades without ever having an issue.
We also expect ceramic plates to retain their gloss and their smoothness. Whereas with plastic plates, they often become a little bit rough around the edges, and their texture changes. And this is basically what we see with ceramic versus composite veneers. Ceramic veneers, because of the glazing layer, because of the effort that’s gone into designing them, tend to have greater longevity, greater durability, and also better aesthetics compared to composite veneers, which unfortunately by nature of the material, can be porous and hence can absorb staining over time. Don’t have the same strength as a ceramic veneer would. And hence would get a little bit less longevity out of a composite veneer versus a ceramic veneer.
Now, I guess, in terms of the aesthetics of ceramic versus composite veneers, with ceramics, because they are made by a lab that has ample time, more so than we do in the chair when we’re doing, a composite veneer. We can put in all the beautiful optics and characteristics and translucency that we see with natural teeth. We can try to mimic the natural, I guess, the structure of teeth with composite veneers, but there is a limit to how much we can actually achieve in the hour or two hours that the patient is actually in the chair.
So, in summary, there are two types of materials: ceramic versus composite. Ceramic veneers are the gold standard. They have the greatest longevity. They have the greatest durability. The aesthetic quality is of an amazing standard. In fact, when we do a set of ceramic veneers, the smile will just absolutely transform. And composite veneers are an affordable option for people that are a little bit more limited in finances. However, I guess, in doing composite veneers, patients often have to accept the limitations associated with the material, namely staining over time, chipping over time and, I guess, the reduced aesthetics compared to ceramic veneers.
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